Friday, January 12, 2018

Just Getting on with a Bad First Draft


This year I got one of my favorite ever Christmas cards from a student. I love it because it showed me the student had gotten a truth about writing that I try to help students wrap their heads around: the importance of the bad first draft. 

We all have a little editor that sits on our shoulder (or on top of our head, as the case may be) criticizing every idea that tries to make its way onto paper. For some of us that editor is bigger and more vociferous than for others. Some of us can sit and stare at a computer screen for an entire 45-minute class period, typing and erasing the same sentence. That is a full-blown case of writing constipation. It not only wastes a lot of time and stress, but also if you don’t get any words on the paper, you don’t have anything to work with. You can’t make it better. And you don't know what amazing idea might have popped out if you could just have gotten going. The trick is to tell the little editor to sit down and be quiet and you’ll call him when you’re ready.

I experienced that myself this week. My AP Language class wrote an in-class essay Wednesday. After my blog last week about the importance of writing teachers writing, I felt a little pressure from myself to write along with the students. So I did. But as I sat listening to the class's pencils scratching away industriously, contemplating all the ideas rolling around in my head and how to wrangle them into some sort of order—the minutes were ticking by, and my page was still blank. I seriously considered that I WAS the teacher, and there was absolutely nothing stopping me from just quitting. Pretending I had never planned to write the essay. 

Then I got a hold of myself and followed my own advice: I told my little editor to sit down and be quiet, and I just started writing. (Except that’s not the usual advice for a timed AP essay—that advice is to spend 10 minutes reading and planning, and then follow the plan. But I hadn’t been able to come up with a plan! Just a lot of random ideas.) I had a pretty good analogy for a hook. Then out popped a really interesting sentence that I hadn’t planned on. But it might even work for a thesis—if I could follow it with a preview of points. Which I still couldn’t come up with. So I left a line blank and started in on the first body paragraph. Then the next one. Then the next. They were actually pretty good in themselves. Still not a lot of coherence from one to the next. Suddenly there were only 10 of the 40 minutes left, and I had at least 3 more really good ideas I hadn’t gotten to, still no preview of points, and no inspiration for a conclusion. I just charged ahead and wrote as fast as I could. The ending was pretty lame. I collected student papers with promises to read them over for a debriefing discussion the following day. 

When I got home and pulled out the stack of papers, my eyes fell on mine. I immediately spied a silly error in the first line, which I automatically corrected with the green marking pen in my hand. Being a bit of a print addict, I sort of couldn’t help myself from reading on. “Not as bad as I thought!” though I automatically made a few additions or deletions as I went. I winced when I got to the end—but immediately had an idea—which I quickly jotted in my green pen. 

As I read over the rest of the “bad first drafts,” compiling comments for our debriefing discussion, I thought, “It isn’t really fair that I got to add to my draft and the students didn’t.” So first thing the next day, I handed the papers back and gave everyone else 5 additional minutes. 

I’m so glad I wrote that in-class, timed, bad first draft with my students. I’m glad because it reminded me in my gut of the importance of just getting on with the writing. Adding on that 5 minutes for revising after putting the draft to rest reminded students that timed essays really are just training for churning out bad first drafts. It also gave me a lot of other observations to use in our debriefing discussion. (Including ones I’ve never seen in an AP test prep book, but, well, sometimes you have to just ride the writing wave. It's preferable to drowning, anyway.) I never did get back to the preview of points--but maybe the open thesis is sufficient here. At least sufficient for a bad first draft.


What happens when you write with your students? What do you learn? What do your students learn? How do you get your own and your students’ little resident editors to sit down and be quiet until their time comes? 

Friday, January 5, 2018

What and Why I Blog

My most popular blog of the 2017 was about reading to my 11-month-old grandson. Now he's 16 months, and we're still reading! (Read on for the connection...)

My thrill of the week: my blog’s number of all-time pageviews passed 30,000. As bloggers go, that’s very small-time—but to me it was a thrill. That represents 243 posts over 5-1/2 years since my first one on July 4, 2012. Scrolling back to find that first post, I realized during my first year of blogging, many posts had pageviews in single digits, and none broke into triple digits. (To be honest, I was afraid to post them on Facebook, and I didn't yet do Twitter. I just occasionally forwarded a link to friends or colleagues.) Now I feel a little sad when one doesn’t get into triple digits! But that said, funny as it sounds, I don’t really blog for my readers. Okay, actually I do, but they (you) rank 3rd in reasons I blog. What are the first two reasons I blog? (1) Myself and (2) my students. 

I blog for myself because when I reflect, I grow, and when I’m growing, I’m happy. Additionally, when I know I’m going to have to have something reflection-worthy at the end of the week, it shifts how I go through my days. Finally, as an introvert, once I’ve put my thoughts together in writing, I’m much more fluent sharing them with colleagues in conversation. So blogging has changed me into a more reflective, growing, happy, articulate teacher.

I blog for my students because every writing student deserves a writing teacher who is a practitioner of writing. I admire teachers who write with their students, and I don’t always manage that. But I do write. And I know what it’s like to sit down to an assignment (self-imposed though it is) feeling idea-less, fearing putting something out there that an audience will wonder why I bothered. And usually feeling really good once I’ve pulled something together. I know experientially that beginnings and endings are the hardest part, and often I have to force myself to just start putting words on screen. Sometimes, like last week, I end up deleting the first two paragraphs because I finally have come to what I wanted to say—but I never would have gotten there if I hadn’t started. I know what it’s like to consider audience and purpose. Sometimes I read my first draft and hate the tone—I don’t want to sound like I’m telling people what to do. I just want to share what I did and learned. So I change any “you should” language to “I did” language. After all, you might already be doing it, and I just figured it out! Or maybe your situation is completely different.

And that brings me to my audience—you. My third priority is to create a positive community—a community of “hey, I tried this and it was really great” or “it had possibilities with a little tweaking” or “I had this problem and I tried this thing.” A community that believes teaching is hard, but so worth working at, so let's share the ways we're working toward the joy of seeing students learn and grow, and encourage each other with our stories of growth--our own and our students'. It is way too easy to form negative communities—sharing problems with institutions, supervisors, colleagues, students. If you find any of my experiences encouraging—that’s all joy to me and icing on my cake.

With all that said, what 2017 blogs did my audience find most compelling, judging my the number of pageviews? Here’s the list of the top 10, starting with the most popular at nearly 300 pageviews: 
  1. “Grandmothering a Reader” Usually I write about inducting adolescents into the world of reading. This was about doing it with my 11-month-old grandson when I got to visit him last summer. Clearly, if I were after increasing my readership, I’d write more about family/babies and less about teaching/adolescents.
  2. “Baby Steps in Differentiation”  My action step--an editing lesson--in response to a faculty book discussion.
  3. “Teacher Self-Care: Count Your Classroom Blessings (the Unsung Best Practice)” Noticing moments of teaching joy in the week.
  4. “What Makes a Great Assessment” I wish all my assessments could be this authentic: students write a new Screwtape letter to demonstrate mastery of novel, satire, writing skill, and life application of theme.
  5. “Three Keys to a Good Jigsaw Activity” Jigsaw activities are great—at their best they combine choice, reciprocal teaching, and interdependence for intrinsic motivation to understand content and use good collaboration skills.
  6. “One Easy Trick for Better Group Work #2” Another action step in response to a faculty book discussion: a protocol with graphic organizer for scaffolding better discussion.
  7. “Three Tips for Better Argument Teaching”  First time I ever required students to collect their own model sentence stems for argument or find at least one source from the opposition. (I forgot what the last tip was.)
  8. “Vocabulary Preview the Quick and Easy Way” Just hand out the list before reading the selection from which it is takes and have students mark familiarity +/o/- and see if they can help each other with -’s. 
  9. “Inviting My Walls into My Classroom Conversation” The walls don’t have to be beautiful—just useful. I'm learning to curate learning with anchor charts, word walls, work that captures student thinking. Then be sure I actually refer to them.
  10. “Creating Cultures of Thinking” Review of a great professional book I read last summer. Author Ron Ritchhart explores how we can change school culture from one of right answers to one of thinking using 8 forces: expectations, language, time, modeling, opportunities, routines, interactions, and environments.

Monday, January 1, 2018

What and Why I Read

The beginning of my 2018 to-read list: These came back from America with me in my suitcase after Christmas break!

I have not always been an eclectic reader. 
The summer after 2nd grade I binge-read all the Nancy Drew books that my neighbor owned. For the next couple of years, I read mostly stories about horses and Indians. (One of the morals of this story is don’t be concerned if a young reader in your life appears to be single-minded in his or her taste.) As an adult, I grew an appreciation for nonfiction that I never had as a child. 

When I started teaching world lit 13 years ago, I realized my training had been almost entirely in British and American lit, so I set a goal of reading an author from at least one new country per year. When I read Penny Kittle’s Book Love four years ago, I realized I needed to broaden my horizons to YA lit to know books to connect to the interests of students who weren’t immediately enthralled by The Brothers Karamazov or even The Chosen

(Did you know that it only takes one “home-run” book to transform a reluctant reader into a reader? And consider that a person who avidly reads Captain Underpants may eventually read Pride and Prejudice, but a convinced non-reader never will.)

So bit by bit I’ve expanded my horizons. Every year I try to read a variety of genres and topics, to expand my knowledge of classics as a literature specialist, of world lit as a global citizen and a teacher of global nomads, of new books as a practicing reader, of pedagogy as a teacher. I read to discover books I will love and books my students will love. (Sometimes those are different, and sometimes they are the same.) I read to challenge myself to learn and grow, as well as to allow myself to have fun and relax. 

My Goodreads Challenge tells me that in 2017 I read 74 books for a total of 22,328 pages. Here’s a sampling of the highlights from a variety of categories: 
  • Nonfiction: Evicted. Hearing Matthew Desmond’s stories of people living in circumstances more challenging than any I’ve ever faced, with little or no safety net, gives me a greater understanding of some of the complexity of issues of poverty in America and increases my empathy.
  • Historical Fiction: Pachinko. Reading Min Jin Lee’s history of four generations of Koreans in Japan deepened my understanding of many of the Koreans I’ve known over 30+ years of living in Japan.
  • Contemporary Realistic Fiction: My Grandmother Asked Me to Tell You She’s Sorry is another great novel from Fredrik Backman, the author of A Man Called Ove. The beginning of the book sets up the main character’s relationship with her grandmother, an eccentric old woman who nurtures the individuality and gifts of her 7-year-old granddaughter while the harried mother pursues her career. It starts with a bang in the emergency room of the hospital after a clandestine midnight visit to the zoo. Then the grandmother dies, leaving her granddaughter a quest that will eventually bring the child a deeper understanding of herself, her grandmother, her neighbors, and the meaning of community and compassion. 
  • World Lit: Blindness. A tough, raw, weird read from the Portuguese winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1998, Jose Saramago, but I think it may haunt me forever. A Lord of the Flies-esque commentary on human nature and society as a mystery epidemic of blindness begins with one man and sweeps through the country.
  • American Lit: East of Eden. Wow. I’ve read John Steinbeck before, but it was never like this. An intriguing tapestry of characters, themes, and patterns woven with style that ranges from dry humor (“She had a little round head full of little round ideas”) to lush description and a scope that ranges across the continental US and several generations. My favorite character is the Chinese cook Lee, who demonstrates a pretty sophisticated understanding of code-switching for 1952.
  • YA Lit: The Hate U Give by Angie Thomas. Speaking of code-switching. I loved this book—coming of age in a modern black family trying to negotiate loyalty to community, desire for justice, and pursuit of dreams.  
  • Fantasy: Six of Crows by Leigh Bardugo. I was just really excited that I could recommend a new favorite to a student devotee of fantasy whose most damning evaluation of a book is “predictable.”
  • Christian: In Emotional Healthy Spirituality Peter Scazzero gives a concise summary of many of the lessons I’ve learned over the last 30 years of reading mentors like Henri Nouwen and Ann LaMotte. I’d like to think that “emotionally healthy” and “spirituality” would be redundant, but we humans seem to have a proclivity for twisting ourselves into unhealthy knots, so this is an excellent primer or reminder, wherever you are on this journey. 
  • Graphic Novel: March 1 - 3. Since I was born at the end of the Civil Rights Movement, for my education, it dropped into the gap of too-recent-to-be-history-and-too-distant-to-actually remember. I heard names, places, and events that I knew were associated with it, but I was too embarrassed to reveal my ignorance by asking about them. This graphic novel autobiography of John Lewis really pulled them all together for me. And it’s pretty cool how the frame story is the black congressman preparing to go to President Obama’s inauguration.
  • Children’s: First 100 Trucks and Things that Go. Well, if not my favorite children’s book of the year, it is definitely the one I read the most times, thanks to my 16-month-old grandson’s obsession with cars. 
  • Professional: Creating Cultures of Thinking: The 8 Forces We Must Master to Truly Transform Our Schools. I read other books that gave me specific classroom practices I can use to improve my teaching, but overall, this is the goal, and I absolutely loved this book that builds on Ron Ritchhart’s earlier book, Making Thinking Visible.
  • Favorite Author: Hannah Coulter. Many years ago, I loved Wendell Berry’s Jayber Crow. Hannah Coulter was my first read of the year, a parting gift from my mom since she read and recommended it shortly before she died in September 2016. It’s just as beautiful and compelling as Jayber Crow: the value of a life well-lived, however hidden and ordinary, in a community well-loved (and every “hidden,” “ordinary” life has its own times of testing, choosing, joy, and sorrow). 
  • Mystery: Vertigo 42. If you’ve never read Martha Grimes’ Richard Jury books, don’t start with number #14. But as a long-time fan, I enjoyed it as a sort of literary comfort food—visiting all the old haunts and renewing acquaintance with all the eccentric friends, with a few British lit allusions thrown in. 
  • Expanding Genre Horizons: Action/suspense is not a genre I usually read, and my husband expressed his surprise (disbelief?) when I came home with Tripwire, a Jack Reacher book by Lee Child. But I’d seen the names of the author and main character several times recently in recommended book lists, so this caught my eye when I saw it on the give-away table in the staff lounge. I figured it would be my try-something-new book for the year. Well, I tried it, and I confirmed that action/suspense is not my genre. Still—that’s something I can share both with students who DO love action/suspense and with students who are deciding whether to venture outside their comfort zone.
What books am I planning to read in 2018? See the photo at the top of the page for the ones I’m starting with: a stack of middle and high school recommendations gleaned from librarian friends, from professional publications and blogs, and from a little vacation bookstore browsing. Then, as appropriate, I’ll pass them on to students and to other teachers to pass on to their students. If you want to follow my progress and see what I think of each book as I finish, follow me on Goodreads. (I’ve already finished and reviewed The Last Cherry Blossom and am now working on The Lost History of Stars.) 

What kinds of books did you read in 2017? What will you read in 2018? How do you encourage the readers around you to use books as both mirrors and windows, to learn more about themselves and more about the world outside their own experience? 

New books and challenges are good...but so are old friends that you can read over and over, whatever your age!

Tuesday, December 26, 2017

Helping Students Become Critical Consumers of News


Deciding to teach my students to become critical consumers of news wasn’t as easy as it sounds—first I had to teach myself. What I discovered is (1) there’s a whole lot of guidance out there if I just look, (2) the topic is inherently engaging because kids want to be savvy connectors of what they learn with the world, and (3) as a byproduct, students also accomplish a lot of other learning goals, like asking questions, developing vocabulary and background knowledge, collaborating, and presenting.

For instance, in a recent English 10 class, students asked me questions like, “This article uses a word a lot, so I think it’s important, but I don’t know what it means. What is propaganda?” They asked each other questions like, “What’s a man-made famine?” and “Which side is Saudi Arabia on?” and “Is Rohingya a country?” They wrote on a quiz that important questions to consider when analyzing the bias of a news article are things like “Does it use accurate sources?”, “Do they choose political stories that naturally support their left/right opinion?”, “Do they use both sides of the story?” They shared within choice-based groups on the topic of North Korea, South Sudan, the Rohingya, or Yemen the articles they’d read, looked up more articles, and put together a presentation for the rest of the class. (One group even put together a slide show!) 

It was exciting enough to make me promise myself that I will spend at least a couple of days each year helping students become critical consumers of newsinstead of complaining about the world’s general level of current event knowledge and online information discernment. Last year in 10th grade, it happened one way, and I blogged about it here. This year in 11th grade, I built on it with a twist that I blogged on here.

And this year in 10th grade, it happened a little differently from last year. At the end of the unit on human dignity (cornerstone literature piece: Night), we had 3 days of class before finals prep began. Not enough time for last year’s research project, but I still wanted to make students aware of news bias and of current events where human dignity is disregarded. After all, the book Night ends with Wiesel’s Nobel Peace Prize acceptance speech where he connects his long career in writing and speaking to the world’s ignorance and silence while he suffered in the camps of the Holocaust:
And that is why I swore never to be silent whenever and wherever human beings endure suffering and humiliation. We must always take sides. Neutrality helps the oppressor, never the victim. Silence encourages the tormentor, never the tormented. Sometimes we must interfere. When human lives are endangered, when human dignity is in jeopardy, national borders and sensitivities become irrelevant. Wherever men or women are persecuted because of their race, religion, or political views, that place must–at that moment–become the center of the universe. 
If we are to take sides, we must know what is happening, when and where “human dignity is in jeopardy.” I conducted a quick survey: (1) To what extent do you keep up with the news? (2) What are your main news sources? Students then examined and discussed this intriguing graphic of news source bias and accuracy. (Next time I might use a See-Think-Wonder protocol.) Next, they read and took notes on the methodology the Media Bias/Fact Check web site uses for its assessment of news sources. (Open note quiz the following day.) Students selected the topic they were most interested in researching: North Korea, civil war in Yemen or South Sudan, and the Rohingya in Myanmar. They found at least 3 sources from at least 2 different biases (assessed according to one of the above web sites), and took notes using a format I’d created (see below for form). Then in one period, they got together with the other students who had researched the same topic, did a Chalk Talk on it (see below), and put together a 2-minute presentation: a basic primer on what you need to know about how human dignity is in jeopardy right now in this situation.

Form for news story notes/assessment

Group Chalk Talk on North Korea

Students were so engaged during the entire 3 days—from the initial survey right through the presentations. (I had to limit questions after the presentations to one per group because I simply hadn’t budgeted the time—but the air was full of hands!)


If we’re not satisfied with how our graduates relate to current events and consume news, what can teachers do about it? What if every class that had anything to do with current events or issues—English, social studies, and science at the very least—did a 2- or 3-day unit like this every year? I do it with 10th grade English in the thematic connection to the human dignity unit centered on the Holocaust memoir Night. I do it with 11th grade English in the skill connection to the unit on argument. 

What topic, theme, or skill in your course could/do you connect to a lesson or series of lessons on current events/issues, including awareness and assessment of bias and accuracy in the news?

Friday, December 1, 2017

Inviting My Walls into My Classroom Conversation


All those years that I worked so hard to make attractive bulletin boards, and then they just sat there on my walls, fading all year long--sigh! If only I'd realized sooner that even in secondary classroom walls are so much more than just a challenge to decorate every fall. What I've discovered in the last 2 years is that they can be a real partner in classroom learning if I use them to curate thinking--both mine and my students'--and then refer to that thinking.

In the last two days I've had several conversations with students where the student pulled the walls into the conversation:
  • In class discussion about a piece we were analyzing on education, an 11th grader referred to critical thinking--"like on the bulletin board."
  • As the 10th grade prepared for a synthesis essay on the topic of disregard for human dignity in response to our study of the Holocaust memoir Night and other related pieces, I asked, "What is synthesis?" A student immediately pointed to the reading strategies anchor chart where synthesis is one of the 7 strategies of effective readers.
  • On the way out of class, a student stopped to comment on Between the World and Me, which I had displayed with other books related to Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass: "I read that last year, and I didn't really get it." After a brief conversation, the student said, "Oh! That really helps me understand the author's perspective. I like it better now."

There are 2 ways I've begun to use my walls more effectively over the last 2 years.

First, I use my classroom walls to curate thinking--mine as well as my students'. This means teacher-created content like anchor charts and bulletin boards (the types of things I want to refer to frequently and have students reference as well). It also means captured student thinking from gallery walks, chalk talks, or any other evidence of student thinking. It doesn't have to be beautiful--the point is, it's their thinking made visual that they can refer back to.





Then, I model inviting the walls into the classroom conversation. If I never refer to a bulletin board after the first day of school, is it any wonder my students don't? Now I walk around and point to things as they come up--whether it's a book pulled off the shelf of my classroom library, a country on the world map, a word from my word wall, the 6 traits of writing chart, or the list of argument moves students compiled from their reading.


The stuff on the bulletin boards and walls still fades, but at least it has accomplished some good in the world--prompting conversations, furthering thinking.

How do you make your walls part of the learning conversation in your classroom?

Friday, November 24, 2017

Finding Nudges and Mentors in the Pages of Books


  • Why have I never read this book before?
  • I’m going to cry while I talk about this—I know it.

I’m not sure why my 11th grade AP students have so passionately connected with Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass this year—right from the very first day when all they had read were a modern introduction and the preface and letter from two white abolitionists published with the original narrative to give it credence. But I do know that their responses sent me back to a reflection I jotted on one of the keynote speakers at the conference I went to last month.

Peter Dalglish is an amazing and powerful speaker and human being. Do some research to find out about how organizing an airlift of food and medical supplies from Canada to famine-hit Ethiopia in the 1980’s led him to give up a promising career in law for a life of working with some of the world’s most desperate children—both with the UN and with his own organization, Street Kids International.

Dalglish challenged this collection of educational leaders from international schools in East Asia to give our students the tools and motivation not just to make money, but to change the world. He spoke of the nudges and mentoring that set his life path, and challenged us to provide that for our students. 

The principle holds for my school in Yomitan, Okinawa, Japan, even though we don't have as many students on the power-and-wealth path as some of the big ones in major Asian cities. And while we may not be able to frequently provide speakers like Dalglish, in person, for our students, the nudges and mentoring that set life paths can include such simple things as the articles, biographies, nonfiction, and fiction that students read in English class. This I believe and have seen in action.

That’s why my 10th and 11th grade courses include works like the following: Cry, the Beloved Country, the classic novel of South Africa by Alan Paton; the introduction to An Ordinary Man, the memoir of Paul Rusesabagina who hid 1,268 Tutsis in his hotel during the Rwandan genocide; the Holocaust memoir Night by Elie Wiesel; the introduction to Half the Sky by Nicholas Kristof and Sheryl WuDunn; “Letter from Birmingham Jail” by Martin Luther King, Jr.; “Why I’m Moving Home” by J.D. Vance; and, yes, Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass

There are other books available in my classroom library that I suggest whenever a student might be interested—like I Am Malala, Mountains beyond MountainsA Just Mercy, and March.

What books and other pieces of writing have you found to be nudges and mentors to inspire students not simply to get a job and make money, but to change the world? 

Friday, November 17, 2017

Three Keys to a Good Jigsaw Activity

Not that kind of jigsaw...

Jigsaw puzzles are great fun for some of us:
my younger daughter and I love it. But my husband and my older daughter would rather eat a spoonful of dirt. However, a jigsaw learning activity is engaging for everyone when well set up.  

Here’s one I just did with my 10th grade English class this week, and I have never seen students more engaged for such a length of time with the material and with each other. In my experience, there are 3 keys:
  1. A topic that students have a stake in.
  2. Jigsawed materials that are relevant to the topic but varied in content, style, and challenge, within which students have choice.
  3. An end-product for which students have a felt need to understand both their material and everyone else’s. 

Our topic is human dignity—what is it, and why is it important? Our central piece of literature is the Holocaust memoir Night. Before reading it, though, we did some background reading on the Rwanda genocide and watched clips from the movie Hotel Rwanda to bring the issue closer to the present and highlight that “us/them” divisiveness is not just white vs. black (as in our previous novel Cry, the Beloved Country)—it’s also Hutus vs. Tutsis and Germans vs. Jews and many other things in other times and places. As we read the book, we note instances, causes, and effects of disregard for human dignity, as well as the few examples of people fighting the flow to stay human and treat others as such. We also note how the author uses the tools of literature to make those images powerful.

After reading, I wanted students to get even more background information on a variety of topics related to human dignity that they could pull into their final synthesis paper. So I offered 3 very different but very relevant pieces:
  • The UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights—a legal document, so difficult reading level, but shortest of the documents; written in response to the Holocaust and referred to in current political commentary.
  • “What Makes Us Moral?”—a Time magazine article citing psychological and sociological studies and experiments in an attempt to explain how humanity continues to produce both Mother Theresa’s and Adolph Hitler’s.
  • An excerpt of the introduction to Half the Sky—a work by Pulitzer Prize winning journalists Nicholas Kristof and Sheryl WuDunn on, as the subtitle says, Turning Oppression into Opportunity for Women Worldwide. This has both statistics and stories of individuals.

Students chose the piece they were most interested in reading. They read and annotated it on their own, then gathered with others who had read the same piece. In these groups, they asked clarifying questions to make sure they understood it themselves, then decided how best to summarize it for their classmates who had read other pieces, and which elements might be most relevant to and useful for the synthesis papers.




Then students remixed into groups that had one or two representatives who had read each of the pieces. During the process I heard 10th graders animatedly discussing whether the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights is actually attainable, and if not, what its purpose is; explaining the negative impact of gender-discerning ultrasounds in the 1990s on the current availability of marriageable women in parts of China; and asking (and formulating answers to) questions like, “Does your author think humans are perfectible?” 


The activity took longer than I had planned because students were that engaged in both of the discussions—working with each other to figure out what the piece said, what classmates needed to know, and how that helped further their understanding of human dignity and its importance.

I really need to figure out how to do this more often.


Do you have a jigsaw activity that has worked well in your class? If so, would you share it? If not, I invite you to give it a try.